In boxing it can be said that there are 2 kinds of offence:
A direct offensive move is simply to initiate engagement with your opponent. This is called ‘leading’.
You’ll often hear coaches screaming to their fighters ‘be first’ during competition when their is a lull in action!
The jab is considered to be the best and safest lead for a direct offense since is requires the least amount of distance to reach your opponent and requires the least amount of movement of all punches.
However, a lead cross or hook can also be very effective if set up properly. Keep in mind that a telegraphing jab can be a boxer’s worst enemy!
The 6 Punches
Orthodox (right handed)
1 = jab
2 = right cross
3 = left hook
4 = right hook (or overhand right)
5 = left uppercut
6 = right uppercut
South paws (Left handed fighters)
2= left cross
3= right hook
4= left hook (or overhand left)
6= left uppercut
Every fighter must devote a lot of time to learn how to throw these punches with perfect ‘text book’ form and balance, starting at slow speed and intensity then gradually progressing to full speed under the supervision of a coach or another seasoned boxer and in front of a mirror as much as possible.
Only after mastering the 6 punches with perfect ‘text book’ form and balance, you may then move on to learning how to throw these punches with different variations; the jab has far more variations than the others.
Note, that the ‘pseudo martial artists’ just barely scratch the surface in their understanding of the 6 punches according to their text book application let alone of the variations of these punches along with timing, rhythm, combinations, feigning etc. (see post ‘pseudo martial artists)
An indirect offensive move is to mislead your opponent causing him to react (out of his own rhythm) before hitting him. This is called ‘feigning’. A wise boxer normally uses a variety of feigns before launching his attack as this creates openings in his opponent’s guard and allows him to gain ground and score blows.
4 Basic feigning movements come from:
Co-coordinating your breathing with your direct and indirect offense (and defense) is also an integral skill necessary for all fighters to acquire. The basic rhythm is to exhale when punching. You must focus and remain conscious of this in your shadow boxing, heavy bag workouts etc and eventually into sparring, until it becomes second nature.
As long as you are exhaling at the right moments, your inhaling will naturally follow into rhythm. The key is to make sure you don’t hold your breath.
If you don’t learn how to relax and co-ordinate your breathing with your movements, it won’t matter how good your conditioning is, you’ll burn out before you know it. Remember, few things destroy the will to win like fatigue!
by: Daron Abdullah J. Laban
These points will be further explained in my upcoming video tutorials. Subscribe to this blog and stay tuned!
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